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B 3.2-2 Student Mobility in Europe
Name B 3.2-2 Student Mobility in Europe
Description Authors: Maria Kelo, Ulrich Teichler, Bernd Wächter

Encouraging and facilitating student mobility has been a major policy goal in Europe during the last two decades. ERASMUS, the EU support programme established in 1987, has made temporary study in another European country a regular option. The Bologna Declaration called for a convergent system of study programmes and degrees as well as for related measures primarily in order to make study in Europe more attractive for students from other parts of the world and to facilitate intra-European mobility. Available statistics show that about six percent of students in Europe in 2003 were foreigners and about half as many European students study abroad. However, only a few European countries provide statistics on genuine mobility, i.e. border-crossing for the purpose of study. Some foreign students already lived and learned in the country of study prior to enrolment, while some students who previously lived and learned abroad returned to their country of nationality for the purpose of study. Moreover, many countries do not record temporarily mobile students, e.g. ERASMUS students, in their regular statistics of foreign students. Mobility statistics available for five European countries suggest that more than a quarter of foreign students might not have been mobile for the purpose of study and that more than one tenth of mobile students might be nationals of the country where they study. Analyses supported by the European Parliament and the European Commission have reinforced the call of supra-national organisations for Europe-wide collection of genuine mobility statistics.

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Created On: 03/20/2009 09:09
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